Royal finances: Where does the Queen get her money?

How much does the Queen receive and where does her income come from?

What does the Queen receive from the government?


Every year, the government gives the Queen a single payment known as the Sovereign Grant.

Last year, the figure was £85.9 million, or £1.29 per person in the UK.

What is the Sovereign Grant spent on?

It is used to pay for official royal duties by the Queen and other members of the Royal Family.

It also includes maintenance of occupied royal palaces:

Buckingham Palace is a royal residence in the United Kingdom.

The Palace of St. James is located in London, England.

Kensington Palace is a royal residence in London.

Hampton Court Windsor Castle’s Royal Mews and Royal Paddocks

Official duties, such as staff wages and travel, and property maintenance cost £51.5 million last year. The remaining £34.4 million was spent on Buckingham Palace’s ongoing renovations.

Where does money for the Sovereign Grant come from?

The payment is made from the profits of the Crown Estate, which is a property company owned by the monarch but managed independently.

Regent Street in London and the Ascot racecourse in Berkshire are among its holdings.

The Crown Estate is managed by a board of directors whose primary responsibility is to maintain and increase the property’s value “for the benefit of the nation’s finances.”

It is not the Queen’s private property; it is only the monarch’s for the duration of their reign. This means the Queen is unable to sell the Crown Estate or retain the revenue.

Until the summer of 2020, Charles provided financial support to the Sussexes.
Buckingham Palace has revealed that 8.5 percent of its employees are from ethnic minorities.

What’s the history of the Crown Estate?

The Crown Estate was originally the name for the monarch’s lands, and it dates back to the Norman Conquest.

In 1760, King George III agreed to hand over his income from the Crown Estate to the government. In exchange, the King (and his successors) were promised a fixed annual payment, dubbed the Civil List at the time.

The Sovereign Grant took the place of the Civil List in 2010.

What is the formula for calculating the Sovereign Grant?

Normally, the Queen receives 15% of the previous two years’ profits from the Crown Estate.

However, it was agreed that starting in 2017, she would be paid 25% of her salary for the next ten years. This is to help fund a £369 million renovation of Buckingham Palace.

If any Sovereign Grant money is left over at the end of a fiscal year, it is put into a reserve fund. Last year, £2.3 million was taken from the reserve to fund the refurbishment of Buckingham Palace.

What happens if the Crown Estate’s profits fall?

The Queen receives the same grant as the previous year even if the Crown Estate’s profits fall.

This means the Queen would be entitled to more than a quarter of the profits generated by the Crown Estate.

This rule was established by the Sovereign Grant Act of 2011.

How else does the Royal Family receive money?

The Queen receives private income from the Queen’s Privy Purse, which is passed down from monarch to monarch, in addition to the Sovereign Grant.

This is money from a separate private estate, the Duchy of Lancaster, which spans 18,000 hectares of land. Lancashire and Yorkshire are included, as well as property in central London.

The Duchy of Lancaster made a profit of just over £23 million in the fiscal year ending March 2020.

The Queen also has an income from her personal properties, such as Sandringham and Balmoral.

The government claims that the Queen pays tax on her personal income and the income from the Duchy of Lancaster voluntarily.

What about safety and security?

Some argue that the Royal Family’s true cost is much higher.

Because the Sovereign Grant isn’t used to pay for security, which is usually handled by the Metropolitan Police, this is the case.

The total annual cost of the monarchy, once security is factored in, is several times higher than the Sovereign Grant, according to Republic, an organization that campaigns for an elected head of state.

Other organizations, such as the Brand Finance consultancy, argue that the monarchy’s annual contributions to the economy, such as boosting tourism, outweigh the security and other costs.

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